Where to See Florida Birds
The Anhinga Trail Boardwalk,
a favorite Everglades birding location
For decades the birding hotspot for viewing wading birds in all of America has been Everglades
National Park, the largest remaining subtropical wilderness
in the continental United States.
excellent birding site is the 11,000-acre Corkscrew
Swamp Sanctuary in Southwest Florida, just north of
Naples, owned and operated by the National Audubon Society.
In Central Florida, the Lake Apopka Wildlife Drive on the North Shore is one of the state's top 5 locations and the best inland birding site. The Black Point Wildlife Drive is a top spot for wintering wildfowl from December though February. Florida has the largest number of nesting bald eagles of any state except Alaska. Where to see Nesting Bald Eagles.
In North Florida, see migrating hawks in the fall, red-cockaded woodpeckers in spring and summer.
Roseate spoonbills, one of Florida's most recognizable birds thanks to its paddle-like bill, is easy to find when nesting.
Red-cockaded woodpeckers require a specialized habitat that modern development has impacted. Yet the nesting birds are not difficult to locate if you know the right places.
Florida Keys are also an excellent spot for finding birds not only on
land but offshore, in the Gulf Stream. The Gulf Steam
flows into Florida from the Caribbean, bringing with it many pelagic
species that are rarely if ever viewed from shore.
In the Keys, the Gulf Steam may be as little as 5 or 10 miles from shore,
but the problem is getting there: organized pelagic birding trips are
rare. Unless you can afford to charter a boat of your own, the best
way to get to the Gulf Steam is aboard a "party" or "head"
boat filled with bottom fishermen.
One of the best bird watching spots is Dry Tortugas National Park, which can be reached only by boat. From March to mid-August, between 80,000-100,000 sooty terns nest on Bush Island.
Visit A Heronry
spring and summer, one of the best ways to see large numbers of birds
is to visit a heronry, where both white and great blue
herons often congregate in the hundreds and sometimes thousands. Be
sure to bring binoculars or a spotting scope since you're allowed to
get only so close to a heronry.
great blue heron often shares its nesting territory
with the tri-color heron, little blue heron, green heron, yellow-crowned
and black-crowned night heron, snowy egret,
great egret, anhinga and sometimes even wood ibis.
South Florida, these species may be joined by what are sometimes called
"big white herons." These actually are great blues in a white
phase. The body is totally white; the bill, legs and feet are yellow;
and the eye has a bluish-green patch around it. This white phase is
peculiar strictly to South Florida.
of the easiest nesting bird colonies to reach is at J.N. "Ding"
Darling National Wildlife Refuge on Sanibel Island in Southwest
Florida. It's located at the end of the wildlife drive (closed Fridays)
where egrets, great blue herons and several other varieties are perched
on fragile-looking limbs over the water. Avoid weekends since this is
the most visited refuge in the nation.
Canoe trips into the backcountry are easy to arrange.This is also an excellent area to see many other
different types of Florida birds and reptiles. Some people claim Ding
Darling is as good as the Everglades.
The number of active heronries in a single season at Loxahatchee
National Wildlife Refuge is staggering: over 250 in good years.
Each heronry differs dramatically in the number of birds. Some are small,
but others contain thousands of nesting herons, egrets and ibis. Many
of the rookeries are difficult to reach, but the one behind the refuge
office on Marsh Trail seems like it was placed just for the benefit
of visitors. Expect to see as many as a thousand birds present at the
peak of the nesting season. Take I-95 to the Boynton Beach Blvd. exit
and go west to U.S. 441.
islands at Cedar Key National Wildlife Refuge, located
about a two-hour drive north of Tampa, contain one of the largest heron
nesting grounds anywhere in the South. Boat tours are easy to arrange,
and a few operators specialize in trips for birders. Contact the Chamber
of Commerce at 904\543-5600.
Island National Wildlife Refuge near Titusville is one of the
Southeast's great nesting grounds for herons: tri-colored, great blue,
little blue and green herons, plus ibis and egrets. This location is
considered to have the best assembly of all the different species anywhere
on the entire U.S. East Coast. Check at the refuge center for location
of the most accessible nests. This is also a great place
for wintering waterfowl,
beginning in November and peaking in January.
To Everglades Birding Sites
To Lake Apopka North Shore
To Birding at Corkscrew Swamp
To Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge
To Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge